The Catholic Church observes the liturgical year that starts in the first week of Advent and ends in the Solemnity of Christ the King. In a general way, we celebrate four liturgical seasons in the liturgical year:

  1. The season of Advent (purple) and Christmas (white).
  2. The season of Lent (purple).
  3. The season of Easter (white).
  4. The season of Ordinary Time (green).  

Palm Sunday, Good Friday, Pentecost, Sacrament of Confirmation and feasts of Martyrs and Apostles use the colour red.

Red is the colour of fire and blood. Liturgically, it is used to celebrate the fire of the Holy Spirit and the blood of martyrs.

Each season and each colour is an invitation to reflect on a particular part of Christian life following the life, passion, death, resurrection and ascension of Christ.

Colour: Purple signifies humility, penance and preparation. Advent is a time of preparation for Christmas. "The prophets foretold that the Saviour would be born of the Virgin Mary" (From the liturgy of the hours)
Colour: white represents, light, innocence, purity, triumph, joy and glory. Christmas and the Epiphany are time of joy for the coming and manifestation of the Son to the world. "Christ has been born for us: come let us adore him" (From the liturgy of the hours)
Colour: purple Lent is a time of penance, humility and preparation for Easter. "This is the time of repentance for us to atone for our sins and seek salvation" (From the liturgy of the hours)
Colour: white. Easter season es the center of Christian faith because it a celebration of the Paschal Mystery, (passion, death, resurrection and ascension of Christ). It is the fulfilment of God's promises. "The Lord has truly risen, alleluia" (From the liturgy of the hours)
Colour: green is the color of hope. This season invites to reflect upon the earthly life of our Blessed Lord. "We are the people of the Lord, the flock that is led by his hand, come let us adore him" (From the liturgy of the hours)
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