The Catholic Church observes the liturgical year that starts in the first week of Advent and ends in the Solemnity of Christ the King. In a general way, we celebrate four liturgical seasons in the liturgical year:
- The season of Advent (purple) and Christmas (white).
- The season of Lent (purple).
- The season of Easter (white).
- The season of Ordinary Time (green).
Palm Sunday, Good Friday, Pentecost, Sacrament of Confirmation and feasts of Martyrs and Apostles use the colour red.
Red is the colour of fire and blood. Liturgically, it is used to celebrate the fire of the Holy Spirit and the blood of martyrs.
Each season and each colour is an invitation to reflect on a particular part of Christian life following the life, passion, death, resurrection and ascension of Christ.